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  •   State: 
    25°50′ N to 36°30′ N | 93°31′ W to 106°39′ W
      Area total: 
    268,596 sq mi (695,662 km²) [171,901,211.520 acres]
      Area land: 
    261,232 sq mi (676,587 km²) [167,204,652.160 acres]
      Area water: 
    2.7% = 7,365 sq mi (19,075 km²) [4,696,559.360 acres]
    8,751 ft (2,667.4 m) Guadalupe Peak
    December 29, 1845 (28nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • Texas, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    114/sq mi (42.9/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
    $2,355,960 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 8.69% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 8.55% from 2021.  32.6% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  304,191. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  5.6%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $78,456 respectively per capita 2023 = $81,130.
      Housing units: 
    12,136,678 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 4.7% increase compared to 2020, specifically 547,366 more housing units.

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texan state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha, which means "friends" in the Caddo language. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America.

Texas map also illustrates that it shares its border with Oklahoma in the north, New Mexico in the west, Louisiana in the east and Arkansas in the north-east. Besides, it also shares international border with Mexico in the south and coastline along the Mexico Gulf.

Surprisingly, the second largest state of the United States Texas has the maximum number of counties i.e. 254, more than any other state of the United States. Due to vast area, the climate type of state also varies greatly i.e. from cold to semi-arid and arid.

The capital city of Texas is Austin but the other larger and significant cities are Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas. However, Texas has four metropolitan areas - Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, San Antonio-New Braunfels, and Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos.

The DoSeum, located in San Antonio, is a three-story, interactive museum that's fun for everyone in the family. Exhibits include Spy Academy, where kids can use clues to solve a mystery; Little Town for youngsters; and Sensations Studio, where kids can make music, play with light concepts and more.

The US State Texas occupies 676,634 m², about 7,4 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Texas with 28,304,596 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 35,74 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 14,075,405 fewer people. The capital Austin alone has 1,001,104 inhabitants.

In 1839, Austin (once named Waterloo) became the capital of Texas. In 1842, the capital moved to Houston and then in 1844, Austin again became the capital. Houston has 2.3 million residents.

Three of its borders are defined by rivers. The Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south. The Red River forms a natural border with Oklahoma and Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east. The Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western border with New Mexico at 103° W. El Paso lies on the state's western tip at 32° N and the Rio Grande. With 10 climatic regions, 14 soil regions and 11 distinct ecological regions, regional classification becomes problematic with differences in soils, topography, geology, rainfall, and plant and animal communities. The Gulf Coastal Plains region wraps around the Gulf of Mexico on the southeast section of the state. Vegetation in this region consists of thick piney woods. The Interior Lowlands region consists of gently rolling to hilly forested land and is part of a larger pine-hardwood forest. Texas is the southernmost part of the Great Plains, which ends in the south against the folded Sierra Madre Occidental of Mexico. The continental crust forms a stable Mesoproterozoic craton which changes across a broad continental margin and transitional crust into true oceanic crust of the Gulf of Mexico. The oldest rocks in Texas date from the Mesoproterozoic and are about 1,600 million years old. These Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks underlie most of the state, and are exposed in three places: Llano uplift, Van Horn, and the Franklin Mountains, near El Paso. Sedimentary rocks overlay most of these ancient rocks. The oldest sediments were deposited on the flanks of a rifted continental margin, or passive margin that developed during Cambrian time. The large size of Texas and its location at the intersection of multiple climate zones gives the state highly variable weather. The Panhandle of the state has colder winters than North Texas, while the Gulf Coast has mild winters. Texas has wide variations in precipitation patterns. El Paso, on the western end of the state, averages 8.7 inches (220 mm) of annual rainfall, while parts of southeast Texas average as much as 64 inches (1,600 mm) per year. Dallas in the North Central region averages a more moderate 37 inches (940 mm) per year.

Texas is known under different nicknames; aka Lone Star State and detailed official information about Texas can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Texas, TX about 4,122,799 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 14.2% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Texas are about 3,599,963 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $66,959 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $66,448, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $67,470 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Texas = 44.4. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 71. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 93. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Texas = 5.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Texas = 33.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 1.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 70. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 235. 94.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 36 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 27, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 29,145,505 individuals with a median age of 33.5 age the population grows by 17.98% in Texas population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 114/sq mi (42.9/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.57 people per household in the 8,650,034 households with an average household income of $66,963 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.10% of the available work force and has dropped -1.14% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 29.62%. The number of physicians in Texas per 100,000 population = 172.

The percentage of housing units in Texas which are owned by the occupant = 58.50%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 26 years with median home cost = $133,650 and home appreciation of -3.41%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $16.88 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $5,061 per student. There are 13.2 students for each teacher in the school, 594 students for each Librarian and 436 students for each Counselor. 5.37% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.41% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.90% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Texas's population of 818,579 residents in 1870 has increased 9,56-fold to 29,145,505 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 50.09% female residents and 49.91% male residents live in Texas, USA.

    As of 2020, 60.35% in Texas are married and the remaining 39.65% are single population.

  • 28.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Texas require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.55% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.11% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.73% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.83% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Texas, 58.50% are owner-occupied homes, another 10.30% are rented apartments, and the remaining 31.21% are vacant.

  • 52.95% of the population in Texas who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 55.390%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 43.640%) of those eligible to vote in Texas.

Skyline of Texas

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