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  •   State: 
    42° N to 49° N | 111°03′ W to 117°15′ W
      Area total: 
    83,569 sq mi (216,444 km²) [53,483,864.960 acres]
      Area land: 
    83,570 sq mi (216,400 km²) [52,892,856.320 acres]
      Area water: 
    1.11% = 926 sq mi (2,398 km²) [591,008.640 acres]
    12,662 ft (3,859 m) Borah Peak
    July 3, 1890 (43nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • Idaho, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    23.63/sq mi (8.33/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $109,546 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 0.41% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 0.40% from 2021.  12.5% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  13,263. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  5.8%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $56,496 respectively per capita 2023 = $58,855.
      Housing units: 
    796,958 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 6.0% increase compared to 2020, specifically 45,100 more housing units.

Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington and Oregon to the west. To the north, it shares a small portion of the Canadian border with the province of British Columbia. With a population of approximately 1.7 million and an area of 83,569 square miles (216,440 km²), Idaho is the 14th largest, the 12th least populous and the 7th least densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. The state's capital and largest city is Boise. Idaho prior to European settlement was inhabited by Native American peoples, some of whom still live in the area. In the early 19th century, Idaho was considered part of the Oregon Country, an area disputed between the U.S. and the United Kingdom. It officially became U.S. territory with the signing of the Oregon Treaty of 1846, but a separate Idaho Territory was not organized until 1863, instead being included for periods in Oregon Territory and Washington Territory. Idaho was eventually admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890, becoming the 43rd state. Forming part of the Pacific Northwest (and the associated Cascadia bioregion), Idaho is divided into several distinct geographic and climatic regions.

As shown in the Idaho location map that Idaho is located in the north-west region of the US. Idaho US is the 43rd state admitted in the year 1890. The state shares boundary with Washington in the north-west, Oregon in the west, in the south two states share their boundaries i.e. Nevada and Utah, and in the eastern side Wyoming and Montana share their boundaries with Idaho. However, as you can clearly visualize on the Idaho state map that its thin and pointed strip of northern part shares international boundary with Canada.

Likewise, the state has landlocked position with two major rivers i.e. Columbia River, and Snake River that supply sufficient water to the Idaho state US. There is very much interesting fact about the state i.e. it has been nicknamed as the Gem State because of almost every known gem has been found here. Surprisingly, Idaho state is one of two places in the entire world where star garnets found; the other place is Himalaya Mountains in Asia. In addition, it is the only place in the world where six pointed star garnets have been found.

The state has many places of attractions where tourists enjoy a lot; the state has several national parks, museums, monuments, and historic sites. However, the given map of Idaho state is very helpful for all purposes because it is detailed Idaho map. On the Idaho map US, you can see the all major cities including the capital city Boise, highways, railways, and other smaller towns.

Coeur d'Alene Lake - which measures 25 miles in length - is a lovely place to rent some kayaks or standup paddleboards and just relax. Vacation rentals and resorts are also on offer, and the beach and activities at Indian Point Park are especially fun.

The US State Idaho occupies 214,043 m², about 2,34 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Idaho with 1,716,943 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 32,69 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 773,008 fewer people. The capital Boise City alone has 226,571 inhabitants.

Boise became the capital of the territory of Idaho in 1864. Approximately 228,900 people live there. In Boise, it's a law that "Residents may not fish from a giraffe’s back."

In the state's north, the relatively isolated Idaho Panhandle is closely linked with Eastern Washington, with which it shares the Pacific Time Zone – the rest of the state uses the Mountain Time Zone. The state's south includes the Snake River Plain (which has most of the population and agricultural land), while the south-east incorporates part of the Great Basin. Idaho is quite mountainous, and contains several stretches of the Rocky Mountains. The United States Forest Service holds about 38% of Idaho's land, the most of any state. Industries significant for the state economy include manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry, and tourism. A number of science and technology firms are either headquartered in Idaho or have factories there, and the state also contains the Idaho National Laboratory, which is the country's largest Department of Energy facility. Idaho's agricultural sector supplies many products, but the state is best known for its potato crop, which comprises around one-third of the nationwide yield. The official state nickname is the "Gem State", which references Idaho's natural beauty.

Idaho is known under different nicknames; aka Gem State, or Gem of the Mountains, or Little Ida, or Spud State and detailed official information about Idaho can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Idaho, ID about 202,091 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 10.8% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Idaho are about 136,406 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $66,318 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $64,668, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $67,968 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Idaho = 77.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 35. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 91. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Idaho = 4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Idaho = 17.1 inches and the annual snowfall = 43.5 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 94. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 197. 86.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 74, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 1,975,000 individuals with a median age of 34.3 age the population grows by 19.53% in Idaho population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 23.63/sq mi (8.33/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.49 people per household in the 567,995 households with an average household income of $76,918 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.30% of the available work force and has dropped -4.37% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.96%. The number of physicians in Idaho per 100,000 population = 172.1.

The percentage of housing units in Idaho which are owned by the occupant = 64.77%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 27 years with median home cost = $158,600 and home appreciation of -9.63%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $9.47 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $4,976 per student. There are 15.8 students for each teacher in the school, 497 students for each Librarian and 458 students for each Counselor. 7.37% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 15.12% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.90% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Idaho's population of 14,999 residents in 1870 has increased 11,37-fold to 1,839,106 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 49.69% female residents and 50.31% male residents live in Idaho, USA.

    As of 2020, 62.13% in Idaho are married and the remaining 37.87% are single population.

  • 22 minutes is the average time that residents in Idaho require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.52% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.07% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.01% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.73% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Idaho, 64.77% are owner-occupied homes, another 11.92% are rented apartments, and the remaining 23.31% are vacant.

  • 45.33% of the population in Idaho who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 61.300%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 35.960%) of those eligible to vote in Idaho.

Skyline of Idaho

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Landscape of Idaho